Class of borehole imaging tools that works on the principal of varying formation resistivity. Electrodes make resistivity measurements of the borehole wall as function of depth and orientation; these resistivity determinations are processed to form an oriented resistivity map of the borehole wall. Resistivity imaging tools fall into three categories. Multi-arm pad devices with tight arrays of microresitivity buttons; rotating electrodes fitted to a drill-collar and laterolog sensors arranged circumferentially. Most resistivy imaging devices require a conductive mud environment, but technological developments allow some newer tool types to function in oil-based fluids.
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